The Printype Saga: Chapter Six

To be honest, I would have been disappointed if my Oliver No. 9 from eBay had arrived in functional condition – it would have deprived me of many hours of pleasant tinkering.  I chose this Oliver primarily because she didn’t work.

However. It does break my heart a bit that she was dropped on her head sometime during her trip from the Midwest USA to California.  She arrived in a loosely-packed and damaged box with a bent right tower.

Fortunately, her cast iron hide saved her. At the base of the typebar towers are cast iron pillars that I hope protected her delicate insides from harm.

I have gotten the Oliver to a point where she is almost typing. Despite a repaired mainspring and new draw cord, her carriage is not advancing on typing. I have noted that her ribbon vibrator does not freely jump forward and back the way the ribbon vibrator in this video does.

However if I manually nudge the ribbon vibrator forward and back during typing, the carriage will advance.

I made a couple long-winded videos documenting my problem. Here’s my video of my partially disassembled Oliver that describes the problem:

Here’s another video showing the under side of the machine.

OK – that’s five minutes of your life that you will never get back, but maybe you can help me. There’s an audible click when I push the universal bar up (and when the ribbon vibrator moves back).  What is the source of that click?

For reference here are two pictures of the Oliver’s original condition on arrival. Remember: she was really bad.


BEFORE: The ribbon vibrator and escapement mechanism were dirty, rusted and frozen

There's a fair amount of rust underneath and parts that seems like they should move, don't move.

BEFORE: There was a fair amount of rust underneath and parts that seemed like they should move, didn’t move.

After cleaning and de-rusting, the escapement mechanism seem to be turning smoothly. The rusty spots under the machine are cleaned up, but I am not sure how much movement I should expect under there.

Here are my two questions for the Typosphere:

  1. What is the most likely cause of the stiff ribbon vibrator problem: obstruction by dirt / grime / rust or a piece of the mechanics interfering?
    1. Could something important have bent or jarred loose when she was dropped?
    2. If you think it’s a gunk problem, which product should I use to get things moving?  I have been using denatured alcohol and PB Blaster.
  2. Where should I look for a culprit if my ribbon vibrator is not moving freely?
    1. What is the likely source of that audible click heard when the universal bar moves up and when the ribbon vibrator is pulled back?

If you have any thoughts, please let me know in the comments. I am determined to sort this out with help from the typewriter community.

And finally: I know that this is probably some form of typewriter abuse and that somebody will call the Society for the Ethical Treatment of Typewriters on me, but I threw a ribbon in the old girl and typed out a message by nudging the ribbon vibrator with each character:


Those are some very bent typebars.

18 thoughts on “The Printype Saga: Chapter Six

  1. So here are a few possible points of interest to look at;
    That oval area you pointed out has a tendency to rust and stick, though most of its movement is actually from shifting the carriage forward or backwards. That piece should, upon pressing a key, go downwards smoothly and easily, then upon depressing it should go back up just as easy. That click might be you pushing it too far back up, as there is a point where the ribbon vibrator can keep going backwards when it should be stopped. Next, youll find a hook slightly more towards the front of the machine. youll see, from the bottom of the machine as you had it held, the two nuts which hold it in place. This hook is what causes each key and spacebar press to pull the segment with the oval piece down. If its loose, it would cause the issue you have where hitting keys does not actually cause the vibrator/escapement to go far enough. From the picture you have, those nuts look to be loose.
    I have the wonderful experience of having taken apart to every individual screw and nut and piece an Oliver 5, and the Oliver’s never really changed all that much. As of current, I am rebuilding an Oliver 11 in the same way. If the above does not help your issues, I would be happy to make a post about all the mechanizations of the Oliver as I piece the 11 back together.


      • Tyler – your observation was spot-on. I tightened the nut on the hook (“Space-Lever Nut”?) and found that my space bar began to respond. There’s a sweet spot – not too tight and not too loose – where my ribbon vibrator moves with full range when striking the space bar. Amazing. The carriage now advances when striking the space bar. I’ll post an update and maybe a video tomorrow. Thank you for this. Now I just need to address the lack of carriage advancement when striking the keys. Let me know if you have thoughts on that.


    • Thank you so much for these suggestions. I will be tinkering this evening and reading through your notes carefully. I may have follow-up questions.
      I recently read your Underwood 5 escapement restoration post. I love those kind of nuts & bolts & pictures posts. If you take photos of the Oliver 11 as you piece her back together, that would be a great read.


  2. On the carriage advancement per the strike of a key, you can subdivide the issues possible areas. First is what can be easily seen underneath the body of the machine; the universal bar, as you pointed out. Since it is in a fixed position on its fulcrum, there are but a few issues which can affect it. These are, towit; The large spring which pushes the bar back upwards after a keystroke may have too much tension applied upon it. This may not be the case depending on if, when you forced the bar back up and heard the click, the bar was moving into its natural rest position. If the bar was being forced beyond its rest position, then this might be the issue. Second, on the universal bar about halfway towards the front of the machine there will be some little pincers of a sort, designed to at the keystroke advance the ribbon. These have a tendency to rust and might be the source of the click you hear, though doubtful as I believe I can see them moving in your video. Third is the spring plate on the same structure as the large spring. This spring plate is both a stop to the universal bars downward movement, and help in pushing it back up at the full stroke. Check to see that this is not interfered with or too far up. The final thing which could affect the universal bar part of the issue is the oval area itself, if there is perhaps too much friction from rust or the small square piece inside the oval itself is missing for some reason. The rust would not truly effect the keystroke much, however, I am simply listing it as a possible area to look. If all these things check out, as I believe they most probably will, your issue lies with the escapement mechanism itself in the deep heart of the machine. I will take a look at that sometime today and post another list of possible issues.


    • Thank you for your help with this so far – I’ll look into each of your suggestions a little later today. I’ll be posting a short video as well showing 1. carriage advancement when the space bar is struck 2. lack of carriage advancement and ribbon vibrator behavior when regular keys are struck 3. Under the machine view of mechanics during space bar striking and during regular key striking.


    • Addendum: Your escapement mechanism is more than likely fully functional. If your spacebar is working and does properly advance the carriage and lift the ribbon vibrator, then the issues stems from something below the inverted T bar (oval piece). That should help narrow down the issue even more.


  3. Steven says:

    I uncover an Oliver #5 in the attic on an old Victorian house. 1903. I love working on this old machine. I have fixed the broken main spring and A broken draw cord . I do not know how to remove the rock hard rollers and platen. Any help you could offer would be a great help. This old Typerwriters has been in my family house since the 1950 and the original owner left the Typerwriter in the attic , along with 100s of old books and desks and items from the turn of the century. Took me 50 some years to realize how cool this old stuff is and how much fun it is to bring back a part of history. Thanks for ant help on this project. Steven


    • Olivers are wonderful old typewriters – great story of how it came into your possession.

      In order to remove the platen, you’ll need to remove the carriage (which I assume you’ve done since you have repaired the draw cord and mainspring) but here is a short video just in case:

      I have not removed the platen or feed rollers from an Oliver, and I understand that it’s a little fiddly. I have run into problems with rusted and corroded screws on the platen that I don’t want to strip. There is a Yahoo Typewriters Group thread that discusses the details here that you may find helpful:


  4. My old # 5 is now sitting in the hallway of its old home. We type our daily thoughts as we pass by it . Every few days , a new paper goes in and our daily dairy of life is recorded on this old Oliver. My wife was a doubting Deb at first but now I see her enteries along with others of my family. It’s a very cool way of recording life’s moments . I have since purchased tooooo many Oliver’s . Some that need nothing and most that need a lot of TLC. Or junk ! I have read all of your post on Olivers and have asked a few questions that I see you have already answered in other post . Sorry for my poor memory. Thank you for taking your time to have this site for those of us who love manual typewriters, especially Oliver’s. Steven


  5. I have just finished taking apart the escapement of an Oliver #5 and after putting it back together I found that I am having the exact same problem with the ribbon vibrator and the carriage advancement. Your post may help me get it back into working order.


  6. I hope you have tried the Oliver in the hallway idea. It’s interesting the things people type . It’s a great way to keep a running journal of life. I have a problem I hope you can help. I purchased a nice Oliver #7 but two type slugs are missing from the machine. Is this a fixable issue. I have a couple of parts machines but wasn’t sure how to fix this problem. Thanks. Steven


    • I haven’t had to deal with missing slugs (yet), but it sounds like a soldering situation. From what I have read, you’ll have to heat the solder on the donor machine slugs to remove them. I *think* you would use a mini blow torch for that. I am not sure what type of solder you would use to attach the slugs to the #7. I found this interesting thread at the Typewriter Group at Yahoo that discusses using epoxy to attach a slug:
      I personally would lean toward soldering so that I could fine-tune placement.


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